It’s a bit late to write a post about the fall management of beehives since it really begins in late summer. It’s during the fall when many of the problems with hives start to rear their ugly head and take many beekeepers by surprise. With a proactive approach verses reactive you can greatly improve your chances of hive winter survival.
In an ideal beekeeping world each hive would have access to nectar flows that last well into fall and store plenty of honey in the bottom boxes of the hive to survive the winter. Honey is the best food for bees. Unfortunately, some hives, for multiple reasons, don’t store enough honey to make it through the winter. Feeding your hives becomes necessary for their survival.